Subtract the fraction from the whole number.

**Step 1: Convert the improper fraction into a mixed number:**

Divide the numerator by the denominator. The result is the *whole number*, the remainder is the *numerator* of the mixed number.

11 ÷ 4 = 2 Rest 3

Whole number: **2**

Numerator: **3**

The *denominator* remains unchanged:

Denominator: **4**

You can subtract the whole numbers - you get:

8 - | 11 | = | 8 - 2 | 3 | = 6 - | 3 |

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4 | 4 | 4 |

**Step 2: Subtract the proper fraction from the whole number:**

Convert "1" of the whole number and convert into a fraction that has the same denominator. Then you can subtract the two fractions that have a common denominator:

6 - | 3 | = 5 | 4 | - | 3 | = 5 | 1 |

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4 | 4 | 4 | 4 |